Table 1

Preventive outpatient migraine medications taken at time of hospitalization

Medication classNumber of patients
Anti-convulsants, n (%)*222/609 (36.5)
Anti-depressants, n (%)†254/609 (41.7)
Beta-blockers, n (%)‡99/609 (16.3)
Botulinum toxin, n (%)212/609 (34.8)
CGRP antagonists, n (%)§349/609 (57.3)
  • *Anti-convulsants included valproic acid, topiramate, oxcarbazepine, carbamazepine, and lamotrigine.

  • †Anti-depressants included duloxetine, amitriptyline, venlafaxine, and nortriptyline.

  • ‡Beta-blockers included metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, and timolol.

  • §CGRP antagonists included erenumab, fremanezumab, galcanezumab, and eptinezumab.

  • CGRP, calcitonin gene-related peptide.