Table 4

Logistic regression analysis for identification of membership to a high or persistent use opioid trajectory

Joint and spine surgeryAbdominal surgery
βOR95% CIβOR95% CI
Sex
 Male11
 Female0.0291.030.57 to 1.86−1.4040.270.00 to 17.4
Age (years)−0.0060.660.97 to 1.02−1.5910.980.85 to 1.11
Race
 White11
 African American Race−0.4260.650.27 to 1.510.4381.550.07 to 38.5
Hispanic ethnicity−0.310.730.15 to 2.65−0.8310.430.02 to 8.0
Tobacco use
 Within 2 years0.4391.550.58 to 3.880.7650
 Quit >2 years0.4881.630.88 to 3.02−0.1672.140.13 to 41.1
Alcohol use
 Frequent (>2 drinks per week)−0.1320.880.42 to 1.82−1.4020.250.00 to 133.5
 Infrequent (≤2 drinks per week)0.3871.470.76 to 2.897.364157.84.8 to 2505.8
ASA physical status
 I or II11
 III−0.4940.610.31 to 1.14−0.7620.470.13 to 9.7
Preoperative opioid use0.69621.14 to 3.553.3328.10.87 to 381.8
Preoperative pain score (0–10) scale0.0611.060.97 to 1.17−0.0060.960.40 to 1.75
Multimodal analgesia1.253.491.24 to 12.640.3151.370.07 to 46.7
Regional anesthesia/analgesia0.5821.790.95 to 3.380.6591.930.09 to 45.5
Average pain score during hospitalization (on a 0–10 scale)0.1721.180.99 to 1.410.2461.280.51 to 3.24
MME use per 24 hours of hospitalization0.00411.00 to 1.010.0021.021.00 to 1.05
Length of hospitalization (h)0.00210.99 to 1.010.1191.131.04 to 1.30
  • ASA, American Society of Anesthesiology.