Table 1

The impact of subspecialist characteristics stratified by burnout symptoms present or absent measured by MBI-HSS*†

CombinedNo burnoutBurnout
Group sample size1288723565
Age in years, n (%)
 25–39125 (17)128 (23)253 (20)
 40–49147 (20)171 (30)318 (25)
 50–59190 (26)144 (26)334 (26)
 60+259 (36)121 (21)380 (30)
Female, n (%)246 (34)206 (36)452 (35)
Education level, %
 Attending620 (86)473 (84)1093 (85)
 Resident/fellow100 (14)90 (16)190 (15)
VR-12, median (25th, 75th percentile)‡
 PCS55 (48, 58)56 (49, 58)54 (47, 59)
 MCS45 (35, 54)51 (44, 56)35 (29, 43)
SSPC, median (25th, 75th percentile)§
 Work satisfaction5 (4, 6)5 (4, 6)4 (3, 5)
 Personal support4 (2, 6)5 (3, 6)2 (2, 5)
 Work control2 (2, 4)3 (2, 5)2 (1, 3)
 Professional support5 (4, 6)5 (5, 6)4 (4, 5)
Participation in activities, n (%)
 Physical activities639 (88)447 (79)1086 (84)
 Distractive activities557 (77)441 (78)998 (77)
 Creative activities330 (46)201 (36)531 (41)
  • *P values were calculated using the Wilcoxon rank sum test and the Pearson χ2 test as appropriate. Fifteen participants had missing burnout data.

  • †Burnout symptoms are considered present if emotional exhaustion ≥27 or depersonalization≥10 per established criteria.

  • ‡PCS and MCS are scored on a range of 0 (worst) to 100 (best) with 50 being the average score of the United States population with a standard deviation of 10.

  • §SSPC scores range from 0 to 9 where a higher score shows better coping/support.

  • MBI-HSS, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey; MCS, Mental Composite Score; PCS, Physical Composite Score; SSPC, Social Support and Personal Coping; VR-12, Veterans Rand 12-Item Health Survey.