Table 2

Summary of the characteristics of the study populations of the included trials

StudyPain outcomeFollow-up (months)Site of chronic painPain assessment methodNeuropathic pain questionnairePresurgical assessmentPhysical functionPsychological follow-up
Iohom et al25Pain/no pain
(PPI and PRI)
2–3UnspecifiedMcGill Pain Questionnaire
NoneHADSNoneHADS 10 weeks
Kairaluoma et al5NRS > 36 and 12Breast, axilla, arm, and other sitesNRSClinical examination, QST, and questionsProfile of Mood ScalesIpsilateral shoulder functionProfile of Mood Scales (M1, 3, and 6)
Ibarra et al28Phantom or neuropathic pain5Breast, axilla, arm, and other sitesNoneQuestionsNot reportedNoneNone
Xu34Pain/no pain3 and 6UnspecifiedNoneNoneNot reportedNoneNone
Elkaradawy et al33Neuropathic pain3, 6, and 9Breast, axilla, and armNoneNeuropathic Pain ScaleDepression, preoperative pain, chemotherapy, and radiotherapyWork and sleepMood
Lee32Pain/no pain3Any siteMcGill Pain Questionnaire (SF)NoneBPI, PCS, HADS, STAINoneBPI, PCS, HADS
Karmakar et al30Pain/no pain3 and 6Any siteVRSSF-36Physical health SF-36Mental health SF-36
Lam31Pain/no pain6UnspecifiedNoneLANSS scoreNot reportedNoneNone
Ilfeld et al29No pain–worst pain3 and 12UnspecifiedNRS/BPIPhantom painNot reportedBPI and sleepBPI
Abdallah et al26Neuropathic pain6Breast, chest, axilla, and armNRSDN4/CNP grading systemNot reportedNoneNone
Gacio et al27Pain/no pain6Breast and armNoneDN4HADS, preoperative pain, and family supportEORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-BR23EORTC QLQ-C30, EORTC QLQ-BR23
Sessler et al19Pain/no pain6 and 12Not reported (not designed for CPSP)BPINeuropathic Pain Questionnaire (SF)Chemotherapy and radiotherapySF-12SF-12
  • BPI, Brief Pain Inventory; CNP, chronic neuropathic pain; CPSP, chronic postsurgical pain; DN4, Douleurs Neuropathiques Par 4; EORTC QLQ BR23/C30, European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; LANSS, Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs; LF, long form; NRS, Numeric Rating Scale; PCS, Pain Catastrophizing Scale; PPI, present pain intensity; PRI, Pain Rating Index; QST, quantitative sensory testing; SF, short form; STAI, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory; VRS, Verbal Rating Scale.