Table 3

Analgesic interventions that are not recommended for pain management in patients undergoing open liver resection

InterventionReason for not recommending
KetamineLack of procedure-specific evidence
GabapentinoidsLack of procedure-specific evidence
Intravenous lidocaineLack of procedure-specific evidence
DexamethasoneLack of procedure-specific evidence
Intraoperative use of dexmedetomidineLimited procedure-specific evidence
Intraoperative use of magnesium sulfateLimited procedure-specific evidence
Intrathecal morphineLimited procedure-specific evidence
Quadratus lumborum blockLimited procedure-specific evidence
Continuous wound infiltrationLimited procedure-specific evidence
Continuous paravertebral nerve blockLimited procedure-specific evidence
Postoperative intrapleural local anestheticsLimited procedure-specific evidence