Table 1

Characteristics of patients enrolled in the TPS and patients in no TPS undergoing the same major joint procedures during the year prior

VariablesNo TPSTPSP value
n=172n=164
Age, mean (SD)65.7 (9.9)64.2 (12.0)0.21
Sex, male, n (%)159 (92.4)145 (88.4)0.21
BMI, median (IQR)31.0 (28–35)31.6 (29–35)0.39
History of mental health disorders, n (%)81 (47.1)79 (48.2)0.84
History of substance use disorders, n (%)25 (14.5)22 (13.4)0.77
Surgical procedure, n (%)0.38
 Rotator cuff repair40 (23.3)33 (20.1)
 Total hip arthroplasty46 (26.7)34 (20.7)
 Total knee arthroplasty66 (38.4)72 (43.9)
 Total shoulder arthroplasty20 (11.6)25 (15.2)
 Hospital length of stay, median (IQR)2.0 (1–2)2.0 (1–2)0.58
Opioid use history
 COU, n (%)53 (30.8)37 (22.6)0.09
 Preop MEDD, mean (SD)15.4 (35.8)10.3 (31.2)0.07
  • BMI, body mass index; COU, chronic opioid use; MEDD, morphine equivalent daily dose; TPS, transitional pain service.