Table 2

90-Day outcomes among patients with history of COU who received the TPS intervention as compared with standard care during prior year (no TPS)

OutcomeNo TPSTPSP value
n=53n=37
Off or reduced opioid use, n (%)24 (45.3)25 (67.5)0.037*
Off all opioids, n (%)16 (30.2)16 (43.2)
Reduced opioid use, n (%)8 (15.1)9 (24.3)
Same or increased opioid use, n (%)29 (54.7)12 (32.5)
Same opioid dose as baseline, n (%)21 (39.6)10 (27)
Increased opioid use, n (%)8 (15.1)2 (5.5)
  • 2 test comparing off or reduced versus same or increased.

  • COU, chronic opioid use; TPS, transitional pain service.