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Contralateral oblique view can prevent dural puncture in fluoroscopy-guided cervical epidural access: a prospective observational study


Introduction Although the contralateral oblique (CLO) view at 50°±5° is clinically useful for cervical epidural access, no previous studies have confirmed its safety. This prospective observational study was conducted to assess the safety profile, including the risk of dural puncture, in fluoroscopically guided cervical epidural access using the CLO view.

Methods In cervical epidural access using the CLO view, the incidence of dural puncture was investigated as the primary outcome. Other intraprocedural complications, including intravascular entry, subdural entry, spinal cord injury and vasovagal injury, and postprocedural complications were investigated as secondary outcomes. Procedural variables including first-pass success, final success, needling time, total number of needle passes and false loss of resistance (LOR) were evaluated.

Results Of the 393 patients who underwent cervical interlaminar epidural access were included for analysis, no instances of dural puncture or spinal cord injury were observed. The incidence of intravascular entry, vasovagal reaction and subdural entry were 3.1%, 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively. All procedures were successfully performed, with 85.0% of first-pass success rate. The mean needling time was 133.8 (74.9) s. The false-positive and false-negative LOR rates were 8.2% and 2.0%, respectively. All needle tips were visualized clearly during the procedure.

Conclusions The fluoroscopy-guided CLO view at 50°±5° avoided dural puncture or spinal cord injury and decreased the incidence of false LOR during cervical epidural access with a paramedian approach.

Trial registration number NCT04774458.

  • Injections, Spinal
  • Nerve Block
  • Neck Pain

Data availability statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author, D-HK. The data are not publicly available due to their containing information that could compromise the privacy of research participants.

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