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Association of opioid exposure before surgery with opioid consumption after surgery: an infographic

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  • Twitter @ESchwenkMD, @dr_rajgupta, @MarkBicket

  • Contributors All authors contributed equally to the infographic.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests Drs ESS and RKG are social media editors for RAPM.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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