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Contributors JP: responsible for the conception of the manuscript; drafting the manuscript; critical revision of the manuscript; and final approval of version to be published. AH and JM: responsible for drafting the manuscript; critical revision of the manuscript; and final approval of the version to be published. JRS, CMB, and JD: responsible for critical revision of the manuscript and final approval of version to be published.
Funding This study was funded by Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan.
Competing interests AH is a consultant to Precision Health Economics and AbbVie Pharmaceuticals. CMB is a consultant for Heron Therapeutics.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.