Background and Aims Lowe syndrome or oculocerebrorenal syndrome is a rare X-linked multisystem disorder. It is characterised by bilateral cataract, severe hypotonia, mental retardation, stereotypic behaviour, as well as seizure disorders.
Patients also develop a proximal tubulopathy (Fanconi syndrome) which leads to proteinuria and renal tubular acidosis. Some patients may have an associated platelet dysfunction.
Only a few articles about Lowe Syndrome and anaesthesia exist in medical literature and only one case report regarding the perioperative anaesthetic management for a posterior spinal fusion surgery.
One of our aims was to describe the different challenges we had to overcome, and another was to include the patient in an ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) program despite his pathology.
Methods We included the patient in our local fast-track scoliosis anaesthesia protocol. The latter includes an opioid-free total intravenous anaesthesia, with Dexmedetomidine, Propofol and Lidocaïne. It also includes a spinal anaesthesia with low dose intrathecal morphine.
The patient‘s platelet function showed a reduced aggregation by 40–60% that we managed by administration of tranexamic acid, Desmopressin, and an intraoperative blood salvage machine. We also required a pool of platelets and two units of fresh frozen plasma during the surgery.
Results We managed to overcome the haemostatic and metabolic challenges, and managed to extubate the patient at the end of the surgery after analysing and verifying his biological, neurological, and respiratory statuses.
Conclusions We report a successful anaesthetic perioperative management of a 21 years old patient with Lowe syndrome scheduled for posterior spinal fusion for the treatment of scoliosis.
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