An increased substrate mobilization is consistently seen during surgical stress due to an activation of the neuroendocrine system. Age-dependent quantitative and qualitative changes within various organs will, however, affect the magnitude of the metabolic response. The severity of a stress reaction can, therefore, not be quantitated from the substrate levels unless individuals of similar age and nutritional status are studied.
- Surgical stress
- Neuroendocrine system
- Metabolic response
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