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Psychological Alterations After Anesthesia and Surgery
  1. Anton Hole, MD
  1. From the Department of Anaesthesiology, University of Trondheim, Trondheim, Norway.


The degree and significance of postoperative mental changes caused by surgery and anesthesia are still debatable. However, after open heart surgery and after extensive surgery on elderly patients, long-lasting mental changes do occur. The susceptibility of older people to such cerebral damage may be due to preoperative marginal circulation in parts of the brain, and a small reserve of functioning neurones compared to younger patients.

  • Anesthesia
  • general
  • epidural
  • Complications
  • cerebral damage
  • Psychogical alterations
  • Geriatrics

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