Background and Aims Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system characterized by chronic inflammation with subsequent demyelination. Choosing the anesthetic technique for cesarean section in patients with MS can be challenging, especially in view of concern for disease aggravation when using neuraxial techniques. We report a safe anesthetic management of a woman with MS undergoing cesarean section with epidural anesthesia.
Methods 40-year-old woman with secondary progressive MS manifesting as left hemiparesis, proposed for elective cesarean section. In anesthesia consultation, the risks and benefits of neuraxial anesthesia were explained. After obtaining informed consent, under standard ASA monitoring, we performed an uneventful epidural anesthesia (L3-L4) with ropivacaine 0.75% 12ml (90mg) and sufentanil (10µg). For analgesia, paracetamol (1000mg), ketorolac (30mg) and epidural morphine (2mg) were administered.
Results Hemodynamic stability was observed throughout the procedure. The surgery was uneventful and the epidural catheter was removed in Postanesthesia Care Unit. Effective analgesia was achieved. The patient, discharged and sent home after 3 days, manifesting neurological deficits similar to the preoperative period. After 1.5 months in neurology consultation, superimposed neurological condition was observed, with no reports of relapse.
Conclusions Currently, sufficient evidence for safe administration of epidural anesthesia is available in patients with MS. No correlation was found between epidural anesthesia and disease exacerbation. This has been theorized to be of less risk than spinal anesthesia due to the reduced concentration of local anesthetic in intrathecal space. With this case, we conclude that epidural anesthesia may be a safe option for cesarean delivery in women with MS.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.