Article Text

Download PDFPDF

EP057 Cadaver study to describe the spread of injectate during simulated erector spinae blocks
  1. Francois Retief and
  2. Zia Maharaj
  1. Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa


Background and Aims The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is widely used as alternative to more complex neuraxial and para-neuraxial blocks. However, the extent and reproducibility of the injectate spread remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the pattern, extent, and variation in the spread of injectate during simulated ESP blocks.

Methods Bilateral ultrasound-guided ESP blocks were performed at T5 transverse process using iodised-contrast solution in fresh cadavers (20ml x 2). Computed Tomography (CT) imagining was performed 30 minutes after block administration. Two cadavers were dissected after injectate containing dye was administered.

Results The study included 20 sides on 10 cadavers; mean age 58years and mean height 163.6cm. Table 1 shows the frequency of spread across intramuscular planes and neural structures. There was a consistent spread to the dorsal ramus, while spread to neural structures and lateral spread was less predictable (table 2). There was greater spread cephalad than in the caudal direction. An inverse relationship was observed between the extent of LA spread and height. This pattern remained consistent after controlling for confounding variables (table 3).

Abstract EP057 Table 1

Frequency table of Injectate spread from T5 transverse process administration

Abstract EP057 Table 2

Cephalocaudal spread of injectate across muscular and neural structures after administration at T5 vertebral level

Abstract EP057 Table 3

Statistical analsyis

Conclusions The spread of injectate during ESP blocks varied widely and was inversely proportional to the height of the specimen. Consistent spread was observed to the dorsal ramus. Further studies should be conducted on live subjects. Overall, the study provides valuable insights into the pattern and extent of injectate spread in simulated ESP blocks.

  • Erector Spinae Block
  • Cadaver study
  • Mechanism of Action
  • UGRA

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.