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Background and Aims Suitable scores can determine the anxiety and pain perception of inpatients over the perioperative period. Studies have shown that the Numeric Rating Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory are validated scores for measuring pain and anxiety. The aim was to find out whether the perioperative pain in trauma patients can be determined using pain and anxiety scores. It was also interesting to what extent preoperative anxiety influenced perioperative pain.
Methods Between December 2021 and May 2022, 40 patients where asked for a questionnaire at three points in time (pre-, intra- and postoperative) in which they stated their current pain and anxiety levels. Statistical multivariate analysis of variance with repeated measures was performed using data base Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS).
Results The results showed that the two parameters fear and pain influence each other during the hospital stay. This also corresponds to the statements from some other studies that determined the perception of fear and pain using measuring instruments. Patients were generally anxious about the prospective surgery and pain perception decreased over the perioperative period.
Conclusions All in all, the participants in the survey were anxious and sensitive to pain on average. This can be explained by the great communication between medical staff and the patient during the hospitalization. The use of the measuring instruments NRS and STAI was also probably suitable for everyday clinical practice and should be used for sustained use in order to achieve the best possible result for risk patients.
Attachment Ethic Committee Approval.pdf
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