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Background and Aims Regional anesthesia has many advantages, including ensuring quality of preoperative care. The objective of our study was to describe the practice of regional anesthesia at Yaounde emergency center (CURY).
Methods We conducted a retrospective study from 2015 to 2022. Any patient operated upon in the Yaounde Emergency Centre operating rooms during the study period was included. Data were analysed using Epi Info 7.0 software.
Results We recorded 2760 procedures of which 532 cases were performed under regional anesthesia. The average age was 40 years, ranging from 2 to 93 years. The most common regional technique used were: spinal anesthesia (83%), combine epidural and spinal anesthesia (8%) and peripheral nerve blocks (7.5%). The most common nerve blocks were: axillary block (40%), inter-scalene block (32%), supra clavicular block (10%). Trauma surgery was the main indication. The indications for spinal anesthesia were lower limb surgery (79%). The indications for peripheral nerve block were mainly upper limb surgery. Neurostimulation was the most commonly used technique for peripheral nerve blocks. There were no major complications.
Conclusions Regional anesthesia is not widely practiced at Yaounde emergency Centre. Training could be one of the strategic axes to improve practice
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