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Looking backward to move forward in perioperative pain management?

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  • Twitter @EMARIANOMD, @elboghdadly

  • Contributors ERM and KEB developed the concept of the editorial, drafted the initial manuscript, revised the manuscript, and prepared the manuscript for submission.

  • Funding This material is in part the result of work supported with resources and the use of facilities at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Healthcare System (Palo Alto, California, USA).

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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