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Complex regional pain syndrome: developing diagnostic tools and treatments from sympathetic nervous system, neuroimmune and neuromodulation discoveries in neuropathic pain

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  • Contributors ES and AG conceptualized this work; ES wrote the first manuscript draft; ES and AG wrote the final manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This study was subsidized by a grant from the Foundation of Anesthesia Education and Research (FAER) (ES). AG was supported by the Pain Relief Foundation, Liverpool

  • Disclaimer Funders had no role in conceptualizing this editorial or in the decision to submit the work for publication.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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