Background and objectives FTY720 ((2-amino-2-)2-[4-octylphenyl]ethyl)-1,3-propanediol) is an Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved immunomodulatory drug for treating multiple sclerosis. It inhibits lymphocyte egression from lymphoid tissues by downregulating sphingosine-1 phosphate receptor (S1PR). To date, there has been no study on the effects of FTY720 on the chronic stage of the complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) rodent model, despite its antiallodynic effect in previous studies. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of FTY720 in a chronic stage of the CRPS mouse model.
Method The authors used a mouse model of CRPS, involving tibia fracture/cast immobilization, to test the efficacy of intrathecal FTY720 (2.5 or 25 ng daily; 6 days) or vehicle during the chronic (7 weeks after fracture) stage of CRPS.
Results Intrathecal recombinant FTY720 administration was antiallodynic in the chronic stage of the CRPS mouse model, and such an effect of FTY720 developed by modulating astrocyte activation in the spinal cord. Additionally, according to the in vitro data, the FTY720 treatment inhibited S1P-induced increase in the nitric oxide production and suppression of the NF-κB pathway, by inhibiting the phosphorylation of NF-κB/p65 in astrocytes without toxic effect on astrocytes.
Conclusion Collectively, these results demonstrate that intrathecally administered FTY720 attenuates mechanical allodynia in the chronic stage of the CRPS mouse model.
- chronic pain: complex regional pain syndrome
- pain medicine
- animal studies
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