Background and aims Hyperbaric 2% prilocaine (HP) is increasingly used for spinal anesthesia. It is the only local anesthetic metabolized to o-toluidine, a human bladder carcinogen. Massive increase of o-toluidine hemoglobin adducts (HAoT), a marker of o-toluidine carcinogenic pathway, was described following subcutaneous injection. In the present study we aimed to assess a single intrathecal dose of HP as a source of HAoT and urinary o-toluidine (UoT).
Methods After ethical committee approval and informed written consent, 10 patients undergoing surgery received 50 mg of HP intrathecally. Blood and urine samples were collected before injection and up to 24 hours later.
UoT and HAoT were measured by tandem mass-spectrometry after gas-chromatographic separation. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Pair Students t-test was used for the significance tests.
Results Intrathecal administration of 50 mg of HP leads to a massive increase of HAoT (0.11±0.02 to 11.59±1.89 ng/g Hb after 24h, p<0.0001, figure 1). Peak of UoT was observed after 8h (0.1±0.1 to 351.6±352.7 µg/L, p<0.001) and declined to 80.0±66.8 µg/L after 24h (figure 2).
Conclusions Intrathecal administration of HP leads to a relevant systemic burden of carcinogenic o-toluidine. Therefore, the carcinogenic risk of HP administration should be the object of ethical considerations and further clinical investigations.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.