Article Text

Download PDFPDF
ESRA19-0169 Low volume femoral nerve block and ‘interspace between the popliteal artery and posterior capsule of the knee’ (IPACK) block for total knee arthroplasty
  1. MP Sebastian,
  2. J Parry,
  3. S Nadaraja,
  4. A Sell,
  5. R Sharma and
  6. V Ramesh
  1. Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Anaesthetics, Stanmore, UK


Background and aims Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most commonly performed and painful orthopaedic procedures. Femoral nerve block (FNB) is proven to provide effective analgesia; however, the use of high doses or continuous infusion are often associated with delayed ambulation. IPACK block is a novel technique shown to improve pain relief whilst preserving motor function. We examined the impact on mobilisation and postoperative pain of a multimodal analgesia protocol using a single low dose FNB and IPACK block.

Methods After local institutional approval, a retrospective patient chart review was conducted. Inclusion criteria included adult patients undergoing TKA and having an ultrasound guided FNB using 10 ml 0.25% levobupicaine and IPACK block using 20 ml 0.25% levobupicaine as part of a defined multimodal analgesia protocol. The primary outcome was ambulation within the first 24 hours. Secondary outcomes included numerical pain scale scores (NPSS), time for first morphine request, morphine consumption and time to physiotherapy discharge.

Results Eight patients were included. All patients were able to mobilise within 24 hours. Median pain scores were 0 (0–3) on day 0, 2,25 (0–5) on day 1 and 2 (0–4) on day 2. Two patients did not need any morphine during admission. Among the others, median time for first request of morphine was 17 hours (8–41). Median oral morphine consumption within 48h was 10 mg (0–110). Median duration for physiotherapy discharge was 2.5 days (1–7).

Conclusions The combination of a low dose FNB and IPACK block as part of a multimodal analgesia protocol allowed early ambulation and provided low pain scores with low opioid consumption in our patients.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.