Background and aims In ERAS programs pain and PONV are the worst enemies, as they compromise early mobilization and nutrition. Pain control with multimodal strategy is mandatory to reduce opioids intake that could lead to PONV. Regional anesthesia plays a significant role in opioid sparing management. Aged people may have even greater benefit from those pathways.1 We describe a case of a 92-year-old woman scheduled for laparoscopic left colonic resection under general anesthesia and bilateral ESP block at T7.
Methods Informed consent was obtained. In lateral position, T7 transverse processes were identified (figure 1), ESP block was bilaterally performed; 1 to 2 ml of inactive fluid were injected to verify the correct tip position, then 20 ml of a local anesthetic mixture of 2% mepivacaine and 0,75% ropivacaine were injected in each side. A light, total intravenous general anesthesia was administered. Because of visceral adhesions, the procedure was converted to laparotomic approach. Despite this, after induction dose of fentanyl (100 mcg), intraoperative opioids were no longer required.
Results Postoperatively, the patient only complained of bladder catheter discomfort, thus it was promptly removed. No pain scores above NRS 3 or PONV were registered. Analgesia was maintained with paracetamol and ketorolac. Oral intake was tolerated within 24 hours. She was discharged home on POD3.
Conclusions ESP block seems to be an effective technique for the entire abdominal wall analgesia.2 3 We consider it a promising technique in ERAS programs for colorectal surgery. Advanced age1 and type of surgery approach are not a limitation.
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