Background and aims Accidental dural puncture (ADP) is often associated with post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) in parturients. Although conventional treatment versus epidural blood patch (EBP) has been extensively reviewed, there is no consensus on the overall patient management.
Methods We report a retrospective analysis of 116 parturients posted for caesarean section (CS) (108) or vaginal birth (VB) (8) who experienced ADP during combined spinal epidural (CSE) or epidural anaesthesia, while attending at a tertiary referral obstetric unit between January 2010 and December 2018. Patient records were reviewed for interventions, timing of EBP and outcome.
Results During that period, we performed 5936 epidurals for VB, 12036 CSEs and 83 epidurals for CS. The overall rate of ADP was 0.64%, (0.89% CS and 0.13% VB). The majority of ADPs (93) were reported during the identification of epidural space (80.2%), whilst 20 (17.2%) were recognized only after the withdrawal of the pencil-point needle or during the epidural catheter threading (1–0.9%). In 2 cases, ADP was reported during local infiltration with the blue-hub (23G) needle. Among 34 parturients who experienced PDPH (29.3%), 13 were classified as having experienced severe PDPH, whereas 20 as having mild. Only 11 patients consented to active treatment with an EBP. All EBPs were performed 48 hrs after ADP. In 2 cases, a second EBP is reported due to an unresolved headache. The mean dose of blood injected was 21.72 ml (min 11 ml, max 40 ml). Follow-up was arranged in 100% of EBP patients.
Conclusions EBP could be the most effective treatment for PDPH.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.