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Resurgence of peripheral nerve stimulation with innovation in device technologies

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  • Contributors ES and AG conceptualized this work. ES wrote the first manuscript draft. ES and AG wrote the final manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding This study was subsidized by grants from the National Institutes of Health (T32GM075774) (ES), a seed grant for Stimulating and Advancing ACCM Research (StAAR) from the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at Johns Hopkins University (ES), a seed grant from the Blaustein Pain Research Endowment at Johns Hopkins University (ES), a grant from the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) (ES), and a grant from the Thompson Family Foundation Initiative-Columbia Neurology (ES).

  • Disclaimer The funders had no role in conceptualizing this editorial or in the decision to submit the work for publication.

  • Competing interests AG is a consultant and/or scientific advisor for Enso Relief, Flowonix, AIS, and Medtronic.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.

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