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Ultrasound-Guided Interventional Procedures: Myofascial Trigger Points With Structured Literature Review
  1. Dinesh Kumbhare, MD, MSc, FRCPC*,
  2. Dhanveer Singh, BSc,
  3. Alasdair Rathbone H., BKin,
  4. Madison Gunn, BSc§,
  5. Liza Grosman-Rimon, PhD*,
  6. Brian Vadasz, MSc*,
  7. Hance Clarke, MD, PhD and
  8. Philip W.H. Peng, MBBS, FRCPC, Founder (Pain Medicine)**
  1. *Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, Ireland
  3. University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
  4. §Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
  5. Department of Anesthesia, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  6. **Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  1. correspondence: Dinesh Kumbhare, MD, MSc, FRCPC, Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, 550 University Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2A2 (e-mail: dinesh.kumbhare{at}


Abstract Ultrasound-guided injections in pain medicine are a common intervention. They have been used to manage myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in different muscles of the body. The main objectives of this article were to review ultrasound-guided injection techniques used for treating MTrPs. We also summarize the anatomy and sonoanatomy of MTrPs using the upper trapezius muscle as an example.

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  • The authors declare no conflict of interest.