Background Automated bolus delivery has recently been shown to reduce local anesthetic consumption and improve analgesia, compared with continuous infusion, in continuous sciatic and epidural block. However, there are few data on the influence of local anesthetic delivery method on local anesthetic consumption following interscalene blockade. This randomized, double-blind trial was designed to determine whether hourly automated perineural boluses (4 mL) of local anesthesia delivered with patient-controlled pro re nata (PRN, on demand) boluses would result in a reduction in total local anesthesia consumption during continuous interscalene blockade after shoulder surgery compared with continuous perineural infusion (4 mL/h) plus patient-controlled PRN boluses.
Methods One hundred one patients undergoing major shoulder surgery under general anesthesia with ultrasound-guided continuous interscalene block were randomly assigned to receive 0.2% ropivacaine via interscalene end-hole catheter either by continuous infusion 4 mL/h (n = 50) or as automated bolus 4 mL/h (n = 51). Both delivery methods were combined with 5 mL PRN boluses of 0.2% ropivacaine with a lockout time of 30 minutes. Postoperative number of PRN boluses, 24- and 48-hour local anesthetic consumption, pain scores, rescue analgesia (morphine), and adverse events were recorded.
Results There were no significant differences in either the number of PRN ropivacaine boluses or total 48 hour local anesthetic consumption between the groups (18.5 [11–25.2] PRN boluses in the continuous infusion group vs 17 [8.5–29] PRN boluses in the automated bolus group). Postoperative pain was similar in both groups; on day 2, the median average pain score was 4 (2–6) in the continuous infusion group versus 3 (2–5) in the automated bolus group (P = 0.54). Nor were any statistically significant intergroup differences observed with respect to morphine rescue, incidence of adverse events, or patient satisfaction.
Conclusions In continuous interscalene blockade under ultrasound guidance after shoulder surgery, automated boluses of local anesthetic combined with PRN boluses did not provide any reduction in local anesthetic consumption or rescue analgesia, compared with continuous infusion combined with PRN boluses.
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The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Attribute to the Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.
This report was previously presented, in part, at the Annual Meeting of the European Society of Anesthesiology, Barcelona, Spain, June 2013.