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Ultrasound-Guided Interventional Procedures in Pain Medicine: A Review of Anatomy, Sonoanatomy, and Procedures. Part V
  1. Philip W. H. Peng, MBBS, FRCPC, Founder (Pain Medicine),* and
  2. Hariharan Shankar, MD
  1. *Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
  2. Department of Anesthesiology, Clement Zablocki VA Medical Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI
  1. Address correspondence to: Philip W. H. Peng, MBBS, FRCPC, McL 2-405, Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8 (e-mail: philip.peng{at}


Abstract Ultrasound-guided injection in pain medicine is emerging as a popular technique for pain intervention. It can be applied to the intra-articular injection of the knee joint. The first objective of this review was to describe and summarize the anatomy and sonoanatomy of the knee and associated structures relevant for intra-articular injection. The second objective was to examine the feasibility, accuracy, and effectiveness of injections as well as injection techniques.

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  • Institutional funding was received for this study.

    P.W.H.P. received equipment support from SonoSite Canada. H.S. received equipment support from SonoSite, BK Medical, and Philips and an honorarium from Dannemiller.