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A Scoping Review of the Evidence for Teaching Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia
  1. Catherine M. Nix, MBChB, FCARCSI*,
  2. Clarita B. Margarido, MD, PhD,
  3. Imad T. Awad, MBChB, FCARCSI*,
  4. Arsenio Avila, MD*,
  5. Jeffrey J.H. Cheung, MSc,
  6. Adam Dubrowski, PhD and
  7. Colin J.L. McCartney, MBChB, FCARCSI, FRCA, FRCPC*
  1. *Department of Anesthesia, and †Sunnybrook and Women’s College Hospital, Obstetrical Anesthesia Research Unit, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and ‡Learning Institute, SickKids, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  1. Address correspondence to: Catherine M. Nix, MBChB, FCARCSI, Department of Anesthesia, M3-200, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Ave, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5 (e-mail:


Abstract A scoping review was performed to assess published evidence regarding how best to teach ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA). The literature search yielded 205 articles, of which 35 met the inclusion criteria. Current literature on the topic can be divided into 3 main themes: the development of motor skills, learning and teaching sonoanatomy, and understanding of the requirements for establishing a UGRA education program and evaluation. We discuss the current status and future direction of research on UGRA training.

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  • Dr. McCartney receives funding from the Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, and a Sunnybrook Musculoskeletal Research Group Salary award.

    Prior Presentation: Faculty Development Day, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, November 2012, and American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Boston, MA, May 2013.

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