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Effect of Chronic β-Blockade on the Utility of an Epinephrine-Containing Test Dose to Detect Intravascular Injection in Nonsedated Patients

Authors

  • Ryan P. Pong *”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA. PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Christopher M. Bernards *”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA.*”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA. PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Michael R. Hejtmanek *”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA. PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • April E. Slee *”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA. PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  • Manbir S. Batra *”Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle; Bellingham Anesthesia Associates, Bellingham; and Axio Research, Seattle, WA. PubMed articlesGoogle scholar articles
  1. Address correspondence to: Ryan P. Pong, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Mail Stop B2-AN, 1100 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98101 (e-mail: ryan.pong{at}vmmc.org).

Citation

Pong RP, Bernards CM, Hejtmanek MR, et al
Effect of Chronic β-Blockade on the Utility of an Epinephrine-Containing Test Dose to Detect Intravascular Injection in Nonsedated Patients

Publication history

  • First published September 1, 2013.
Online issue publication 
September 01, 2013

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