Abstract Shoulder surgery is associated with significant postoperative pain in many patients. The use of an interscalene nerve block offers good analgesia but is associated with a high incidence of an ipsilateral phrenic nerve block. Several strategies to avoid this adverse effect have been studied. Possible strategies are (1) using very low volumes of local anesthetics, (2) targeting the brachial plexus at a lower level in the neck, (3) applying a suprascapular nerve block, and (4) applying the combination of a suprascapular and an axillary nerve block. Using systemic analgesics is a less favorable strategy because this may result in less potent analgesia and may cause more adverse effects, including respiratory depression and nausea.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Joseph M. Neal, MD served as editor-in-chief for this article.
No financial sources were received to support this work.
The authors declare no conflict of interest
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.