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Three Partial-Task Simulators for Teaching Ultrasound-Guided Regional Anesthesia
  1. Andrew D. Rosenberg, MD*,,
  2. Jovan Popovic, MD, FRCPC*,,
  3. David B. Albert, MD*,,
  4. Robert A. Altman, MD*,,
  5. Mitchell H. Marshall, MD*,,
  6. Richard M. Sommer, MD and
  7. Germaine Cuff, RN, MPH*,
  1. From the *Department of Anesthesiology, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseasesand
  2. Department of Anesthesiology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY.
  1. Address correspondence to: Andrew D. Rosenberg, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, NYU Hospital For Joint Diseases, 301 E 17th St, New York City, NY 10003 (e-mail: andrew.rosenberg{at}


Abstract Simulation-based training is becoming an accepted tool for educating physicians before direct patient care. As ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia (UGRA) becomes a popular method for performing regional blocks, there is a need for learning the technical skills associated with the technique. Although simulator models do exist for learning UGRA, they either contain food and are therefore perishable or are not anatomically based. We developed 3 sonoanatomically based partial-task simulators for learning UGRA: an upper body torso for learning UGRA interscalene and infraclavicular nerve blocks, a femoral manikin for learning UGRA femoral nerve blocks, and a leg model for learning UGRA sciatic nerve blocks in the subgluteal and popliteal areas.

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  • This article describes 3 partial-task simulators that were developed for teaching ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia. The manikins are commercially available from Blue Phantom (Redmond, Wash). Blue Phantom was compensated for building the manikins from donations made by the Ladies Auxiliary of the NYU Hospital for Joint Disease and from the Department of Anesthesiology at NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases. None of the authors have a financial interest in Blue Phantom.

  • The authors declare no conflict of interest.