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Correlation Between Ultrasound Imaging, Cross-Sectional Anatomy, and Histology of the Brachial Plexus: A Review
  1. Geert J. van Geffen, MD, PhD*,
  2. Nizar Moayeri, MD,
  3. Jörgen Bruhn, MD, PhD*,
  4. Gert J. Scheffer, MD, PhD*,
  5. Vincent W. Chan, MD, FRCPC and
  6. Gerbrand J. Groen, MD, PhD
  1. From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen; and
  2. Division of Perioperative Care and Emergency Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, University Medical Center, Utrecht, the Netherlands; and
  3. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  1. Address correspondence to: Geert J van Geffen, MD, PhD, Radboud University Medical Center, Department of Anesthesiology, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, the Netherlands (e-mail: G.vanGeffen{at}


The anatomy of the brachial plexus is complex. To facilitate the understanding of the ultrasound appearance of the brachial plexus, we present a review of important anatomic considerations. A detailed correlation of reconstructed, cross-sectional gross anatomy and histology with ultrasound sonoanatomy is provided.

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  • This work was supported only by departmental funding sources.