Background and Objectives: In different peripheral nerve blocks, it has been speculated that needle guidance by ultrasound improves onset time and success rate compared with the more frequently used nerve stimulation-guided technique. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that ultrasound guidance improves onset time of coracoid infraclavicular brachial plexus block (IBPB) when compared with a nerve stimulation-guided technique.
Methods: Seventy patients scheduled for hand or forearm surgery were randomly assigned to receive coracoid IBPB using either ultrasound guidance (group U, n = 35), or nerve stimulation (group S, n = 35). Patients were assessed for sensory and motor block every 5 mins after injection of local anesthetic. Onset time, the primary end point, was defined as the time required for complete sensory and motor block. Time required to perform the block, success rate, and time to resolution of motor blockade were also recorded (secondary end points).
Results: Onset of complete sensory and motor blockade was similar in the 2 groups (17 mins [8 mins] in group U and 19 mins [8 mins] in group S; P = 0.321). Time required to perform the block was shorter in group U (3 mins [1 min]) as compared with group S (6 mins [2 mins]; P < 0.0001). No differences were observed in success rate (89% in group U and 91% in group S; P = 0.881) and time to resolution of motor blockade (237 mins [45 mins] in group U and 247 mins [57 mins] in group S; P = 0.418).
Conclusions: The present investigation demonstrates that ultrasound guidance and nerve stimulation provide similar onset time, success rate, and duration of motor blockade for coracoid IBPB; however, ultrasound guidance reduces the time required to perform the block.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
The work should be attributed to the Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
Support was provided solely from institutional and departmental sources.