Background and Objectives The aim of this study is to examine the effects of head-up tilt (70°) 30 minutes after right or left stellate ganglion block (SGB) on RR interval, QT interval, the rate-corrected QT (QTc) interval, QT dispersion (QTD), and the rate-corrected QT dispersion (QTcD) using computerized measurement.
Methods Ten healthy volunteers underwent both right and left SGBs using 7 mL 1% mepivacaine with a 7-day interval between the two blocks. A 12-lead electrocardiogram was monitored to measure parameters before SGB; 30 minutes after SGB (before head-up tilt); and immediately, 5, 10, and 15 minutes after head-up tilt.
Results Right SGB induced significant increases in QT interval, QTc interval, QTD, and QTcD from 30 minutes after the block through 15 minutes after head-up tilt. There were significant increases of QT interval, QTc interval, and QTcD between before and immediately after head-up tilt in right SGB. Left SGB induced significant decreases of QT interval and QTc interval from 30 minutes after SGB through 15 minutes after head-up tilt. Left SGB also induced a significant decrease of QTD from immediately after through 10 minutes after head-up tilt.
Conclusions Significant increases of QT interval, QTc interval, and QTcD, which are associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and cardiac events, occur immediately after head-up tilt in right SGB. However, head-up tilt does not induce increases of QT interval, QTc interval, QTD, and QTcD in left SGB.
- Head-up tilt
- Stellate ganglion block
- QT interval
- QT dispersion
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