Background and Objectives. Hematoma is typically cited as one mechanism of nerve injury following axillary block. However, documented cases of this are lacking.
Methods. A healthy 38-year-old man was scheduled for surgical removal of a tumor of the hand. A transarterial axillary block was performed with a 22-gauge short-bevel needle using 40 mL of a mixture of equal volumes of 1.5% lidocaine and 0.5% bupivacaine containing 1:200,000 epinephrine. No paresthesias were reported. Post-operative, the patient developed a large axillary hematoma accompanied by paresthesias and radial nerve weakness.
Results. With conservative management, nerve recovery was complete in 6 months.
Conclusions. Hematoma complicating axillary block may result in nerve dysfunction.
- regional anesthesia and pain management
- brachial plexus block
- neurologic complications.
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