Background and Objectives Severe pain following extensive reconstructive foot surgery is difficult to manage effectively. Sciatic nerve block provides excellent analgesia for a limited duration. I wanted to determine an approach to sciatic nerve block enabling an infusion of a local anesthetic for a prolonged period without loss of efficacy due to catheter displacement.
Methods Seventy-six consecutive sciatic nerve catheter placements—in 73 patients undergoing reconstructive foot surgery—were performed by four different approaches. Soft epidural catheters were found to be unsatisfactory—both for placement and for prolonged infusion. A firmer catheter, also capable of “through the catheter” nerve stimulation, was developed and proved to be satisfactory on both counts. Traditional approaches proved satisfactory for identifying the nerve but were unsatisfactory for prolonged infusion. A unique “in line” approach was developed to enable the insertion of the catheter along the course of the sciatic nerve, thus maintaining position for prolonged infusions.
Results According to predetermined criteria for success, only 64% of placements using traditional epidural catheters were successful, whereas the firmer catheter with “through the catheter” nerve stimulation was successful in 95% of placements.
Conclusions The described “in line” technique of continuous sciatic nerve infusion of a local anesthetic solution gives prolonged and effective analgesia following foot surgery.
- local anesthetics
- sciatic nerve
Statistics from Altmetric.com
Supported by a grant from the Mona Vale Hospital Executive.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.