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Chronotropic and Inotropic Effects of Ropivacaine, Bupivacaine, and Lidocaine in the Spontaneously Beating and Electrically Paced Isolated, Perfused Rabbit Heart

Authors

  1. Address reprint requests to Hal S. Feldman, D.Sc., BWH Anesthesia Research Laboratories, I Innovation Dr., Worcester, MA 01605.

Citation

Pitkanen M, Covino BG, Feldman HS, et al
Chronotropic and Inotropic Effects of Ropivacaine, Bupivacaine, and Lidocaine in the Spontaneously Beating and Electrically Paced Isolated, Perfused Rabbit Heart

Publication history

  • First published July 1, 1992.
Online issue publication 
July 01, 1992

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